Wei Hao:2019 China Import Ranking

发布时间:2019-11-19来源:中国对外贸易杂志英文版作者:魏浩


2019 China Import Ranking:Mechanical and Electrical Products Are No.1 Import Products; South Korea Is the No.1 Source of Imports

By Wei Hao

The Second CIIE (China International Import Expo) will be held during Nov. 5-10 in Shanghai. Chinese President Xi Jinping will be present at the event again after he addressed the opening ceremony last year, showing that the Chinese government attaches great importance to the expo. The holding of the CIIE is a significant policy decision of China that aims to further the opening-up, and is also a great measure to open the Chinese market wider to the outside world. In order to allow other parties to better understand China’s import conditions, we have completed the 2019 China Import Ranking, in order to analyze China’s imports from various perspectives.

2018 China Import Ranking for Provinces & Cities

Guangdong province ranks the first in terms of 2018 Chinese imports by province. In 2018, Guangdong province imported the most among all the provinces, with an import value of USD 438 billion and accounting for 20.51% of China’s total imports. In 2018, the top 5 import cities and provinces were Guangdong, Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Shandong, accounting for approximately 70% of China’s total imports. In 2017, the top five import provinces and cities were Guangdong, Shanghai, Beijing, Jiangsu and Shandong.

Beijing is the number one province in terms of incremental imports in 2018. From the perspective of imports, Henan, Ningxia, Guangxi and Tibet saw a decline in imports by USD 1.6 billion, 0.4 billion, 0.3 billion and 0.11 billion respectively. Other provinces saw their imports increase, with Beijing increasing the most by USD 73 billion.

Looking at the ranking of import values, Heilongjiang, Yunnan, Beijing, Guangxi and Shanxi saw their ranking go up from the 2017 ranking, while Jilin, Hebei, Hubei, Henan and Shanghai saw their ranking go down.

Looking at the proportion of imports for different provinces, Beijing, Heilongjiang, Zhejiang, Sichuan and Shanxi are the top five provinces with the most incremental shares, up by 1.45%, 0.29%, 0.27%, 0.19% and 0.17% respectively. Shanghai, Tianjin, Guangdong, Henan and Guangxi are the top five provinces with the most declining shares, down by 0.87%, 0.31%, 0.31%, 0.30% and 0.23% respectively.

2018 China Import Ranking for Cities

Shenzhen is the top city in terms of import volume. In 2018, Shenzhen still tops the ranking of import volume, with imports of approximately USD 207.6 billion, accounting for 9.72% of China’s total imports. In 2018, the top five cities with the largest import volume were Shenzhen, Suzhou, Dongguan, Guangzhou and Ningbo, with the same being true for the previous year.

Shenzhen is also the top city in terms of incremental import volume. Compared with 2017, the top five cities with the largest incremental import are now Shenzhen, Suzhou, Dongguan, Dalian and Ningbo, up by USD 37.8 billion, 18.4 billion, 8.3 billion, 7.5 billion and 7.3 billion respectively. The top five cities with the largest decline in imports are Wuxi, Zhengzhou, Foshan, Fuzhou and Weihai, down by USD 5.8 billion, 2.2 billion, 1.6 billion, 1.1 billion and 0.9 billion respectively.

The top five cities with the largest incremental import shares are Shenzhen, Daqing, Zhoushan, Kunming and Xi’an, with the shares rising by 0.51%, 0.27%, 0.18%, 0.17% and 0.16% respectively. The top five cities with the largest declining shares are Wuxi, Zhengzhou, Foshan, Yantai and Dongguan, down by 0.51%, 0.29%, 0.20%, 0.172% and 0.168%.

2018 China Import Ranking by Import Source

South Korea was the main source of imports in 2018, from which China imports a total volume of USD 204.6 billion, accounting for 10.29% of China’s total imports. In 2018, the top five sources of import were South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, the U.S. and Germany, accounting for 41.45% of China’s total imports. In 2017, the top five sources of import were South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, the U.S. and Germany, accounting for 43.82% of China’s total imports.

South Korea is the No. 1 country in terms of incremental import volume. From the perspective of import volume, China imported more from South Korea, Taiwan, Brazil, Russia and Japan in 2018 compared with 2017, up by USD 27.1 billion, 22 billion, 18.7 billion, 17.7 billion and 14.9 billion. From the perspective of import share, China’s import shares has risen for Russia, Brazil, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Vietnam, up by 0.55%, 0.45%, 0.45%, 0.32% and 0.29% respectively.

2018 China Import Ranking by Industry

Mechanical and electrical products were the main import products in 2018. In 2018, the number one industry in terms of import volume was mechanical and electrical equipment and components, recording and playing equipment, and components. The import value reached USD 521.6 billion, accounting for 24.42% of the country’s total imports.

In 2018, the top five industries with the largest import volume were: (1) mechanical and electrical equipment and components, recorders and players, video and audio recording equipment and components; (2) fossil fuels, mineral oils and distillation products; bituminous material and mineral waxs; (3) nuclear reactors, boilers, machines, mechanical equipment and components; (4) ore sand, ore waste residue and ore ashes; (5) optical, photographic, movie, metering, quarantine, medical and surgical equipment, precise instrument and components. These five industries combined account for 61.42% of China’s total imports.

2018 China Import Ranking by Customs

Shanghai Customs reached the top spot in terms of import volume. In 2018, Shanghai Customs had the highest import volume, with total imports of USD 409.1 billion, accounting for 19.15% of China’s total imports. The top five customs bases by import volume were Shanghai, Shenzhen, Nanjing, Qingdao and Huangpu. These top five customs bases combined account for 56.11% of China’s total imports. The top ten combined account for 73.66% of China’s total imports.

2018 China Import Ranking for High-Tech Industry Development Zone

The Chengdu High-Tech Industry Development Zone was the best high-tech industry development zone in terms of import volume in 2018. In 2018, the Chengdu High-Tech Industry Development Zone topped the ranking of import volume among 46 high-tech industry development zones, with the total import volume of USD 27.8 billion, accounting for 1.3% of China’s total imports and 30% of imports by 46 high-tech industry development zones. The top five high-tech industry development zones in terms of import volume were Chengdu, Wuxi, Huizhou, Suzhou and Guangzhou. The top five high-tech industry development zones combined account for 3.72% of China’s total imports and 86% of imports by the 46 high-tech industry development zones. Chengdu’s imports are approximately 3.2 times those of Guangzhou and 25 times those of Changsha, which ranks 10th on the list.

2018 China Import Ranking for Economic and Technological Development Zone

The Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Zone is the best economic and technological development zone in terms of import volume. In 2018, the Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Zone headed the ranking of import volume among 62 economic and technological development zones. Its import volume reached USD 19.1 billion, accounting for 0.89% of China’s total imports and 17% of those the 62 economic and technological development zones. The top five economic and technological development zones are Tianjin, Beijing, Ningbo, Dalian and Guangzhou. They account for 2.99% of China’s total imports and 56% of those of the 62 economic and technological development zones. The Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Zone’s import volume is 4.5 times that of Qingdao and 13.8 times that of Wuhu, which ranks 20th on the list.

(Author: Researcher of Yangtze IDEI, Nanjing University)

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